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The 111 Greatest Works of Latin American Literature

The selection of the Greatest Literature of Latin America—including works from South America, Central America, the Caribbean and Mexico—is based on the same extensive research and surveys carried out over the past two decades for our Greatest Literature of All Time list, with special attention paid to the views of Latin American readers, writers, critics and scholars.

All possible genres, cultures and periods in the literature of that area have been taken into account.

As with the Greatest Literature list, preference is given on this list to major forms of creative literature, such as novels, plays, story collections, epic poems and poetry collections.

Latest update: March 29, 2024

1769
O Uraguai
José Basilio de Gama
Brazil, poem
1841
Sab
Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda
Cuba, novel
1845
La Quena
Juana Manuela Gorrito
Argentina, novella
1862
Martin Rivas
Alberto Blest Gana
Chile, novel
1865
Iracema
José de Alencar
Brazil, novel
1867
Maria
Jorge Isaacs
Colombia, Novell
1871
The Slaughter Yard
Esteban Echeverria
Argentina, story
1872–1879
Martín Fierro
José Hernández
Argentina, poem
1877
Cumandá
Juan Léon Mera
Ecuador, novel
1881
The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cuba
Joaquin Maria Machado de Assis
Brazil, novel
1882
The Alienist
Joaquin Maria Machado de Assis
Brazil, novella
 
Ismaelillo
José Martí
Cuba, poetry collection
1888
Azul...
Rubén Darío
Nicaragua, Prose and poetry
1888–1894
Blanca Sol
Mercedes Cabello de Carbonera
Nicaragua, Prose and poetry
1889
The Golden Age
José Martí
Cuba, novel
 
Birds Without a Nest
Clorinda Matto de Turner
Peru, novel
1895
Santa Evita
Tomás Eloy Martínez
Argentina, novel
1899
Dom Casmurro
Joaquin Maria Machado de Assis
Brazil, novel
1900
El Moto
Joaquín García Monge
Costa Rica, novel
1905
Songs of Life and Hope
Rubén Darío
Nicaragua, poetry collection
1916
Ther Underdogs
Mariano Azuela
Mexico, novel
1922
Despair
Gabriela Mistral
Chile, poetry collection
1925
Residence on Earth and Other Poems
Pablo Nerudae
Chile, poetry collection
1927
Treasure of the Sierra Madre
B. Traven
Mexico, novel
1929
Doña Bárbara
Rómulo Gallegos
Venezuela, novel
1931
The Carreta
B. Traven
Mexico, novel
1938
Harvesting
Gabriela Mistral
Chile, poetry collection
 
Human Poems
César Vallejo
Peru, poetry collection
1940
The Invention of Morel
Adolfo Bioy Casares
Argentina, novel
1941
Broad and Alien is the World
Ciro Allegra
El Salvador, novel
1941–1956
Fictions
Jorge Luis Borges
Argentina, story collection
1946
Mr. President
Miguel Angel Asturias
Guatemala, novel
1948
The Tunnel
Ernesto Sabato
Argentina, story collection
1949
The Kingdom of This World
Alejo Carpentier
Cuba, novel
 
Men of Maize
Miguel Angel Asturias
Guatemala, novel
 
The Aleph and Other Stories
Jorge LUis Borges
Argentina, story collection
1953
The Lost Steps
Alejo Carpentier
Cuba, novel
 
The Burning Plain and Other Stories
Juan Rulfo
Mexico, story collection
1955
Pedro Páramo
Juan Rulfo
Mexico, novella
1956
The Devil to Pay in the Backlandso
João Guimarães FRosa
Brazil, novel
1957
Sunstone
Octavio Paz
Mexico, poem
1958
Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon
Jorge Amado
Brazil, novel
 
Where the Air Is Clear
Carlos Fuentes
Peru, novel
 
Deep Rivers
José María Aguedas
Mexico, novel
 
A World for Julius
Alfredo Bryce Echenique
Peru, novel
1961
No One Writes to the Colonel
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia, novella
 
House for Mr Biswas
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad, novel
 
The Shipyard
Juan Carlos Onetti
Uruguay, novel
1962
The Book of Lamentations
Rosario Castellanos
Mexico, novel
 
The Death of Artemio Cruz
Carlos Fuentes
Mexico, novel
 
The Green House
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru, novel
1962–1983
Labyrinths
Jorge Luis Borges
Argentina, story collection
1963
Hopscotch
Julio Cortázar
Argentina, novel
 
Selected Poems
Octavio Paz
Mexico, poetry collection
 
Time of the Hero
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru, novel
1964
The Passion According to GH
Clarice Lispector
Brazil, novel
1966
All the Fires the Fires
Julio Cortázar
Argentina, story collection
1967
One Hundred Years of Solitude
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia, novel
 
Three Trapped Tigers
Guillermo Cabrera Infante
Cuba, novel
 
Mimic Men
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad, novel
1968
Betrayed by Rita Hayworth
Manuel Puig
Argentina, novel
 
Tent of Miracles
Jorge Amado
Brazil, novel
1969
Here's to You, Jesusa
Elena Poniatowska
Argentina, nonfiction novel
 
Heartbreak Tango
Manuel Puig
Argentina, novel
1971
In a Free State
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad, novel
1975
Terra Nostra
Carlos Fuentes
Mexico, novel
 
The Autumn of the Patriarch
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia, novel
1976—1979
The Kiss of the Spiderwoman
Manuel Puig
Argentina, novel
1977
Hour of the Star
Clazrice Lispector
Brazil, novel
 
Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru, novel
1979
A Bend in the River
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad, novel
1980
America and Other Poems
Raúl Otero Reiche
Bolivia, novel
1981
Chronicle of a Death Foretold
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia, novella
 
The War of the End of the World
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru, novel
1982
The House of the Spirits
Isabel Allende
Chile, novel
1982–1986
Memory of the Fire
Eduardo Galeano
Uruguay, novel series
1984
Real Life of Alejandro Mayta
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru, novel
1985
Annie John
Jamaica Kincaid
Antigua, novel
 
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia, novel
 
The Old Gringo
Carlos Fuentes
Mexico, novel
 
Tear This Heart Out
Ángeles Mastretta
Peru, novel
1986
Who Killed Palomino Molero?
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru, novel
1987
The Enigma of Arrival
V.S. Naipaul
Trinidad, novel
1988
The Alchemist
Paulo Coelho
Brazil, novel
1989
Like Water for Chocolate
Laura Esquivel
Mexico, novel
 
The Storyteller
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru, novel
1990
The Witness
Juan José Saer
Argentina, novel
 
Death and the Maiden
Ariel Dorfman
Chile, novel
 
Omeros
Derek Walcott
Argentina, poem
1993
Adventures and Misadventures of Maqroll
Álvaro Mutis
Colombia, novella series
 
Before Night Falls
Reinaldo Arenas
Cuba, memoir
 
Death in the Andes
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru, novel
1994
Of Love and Shadows
Isabel Allende
Chile, novel
 
Our Lady of the Assassins
Fernando Vallejo
Colombia, novel
 
Breath, Eyes, Memory
Edwidge Danticat
Haiti, novel
1997
Money to Burn
Ricardo Piglia
Argentina, novel
1998
Veronika Decides to Die
Paulo Coelho
Brazil, novel
 
The Savage Detectives
Roberto Bolaño
Chile, novel
 
Dirty Havana Trilogy
Pedroi Juan Gutiérrez
Cuba, novel
1999
The Years With Laura Diaz
Carlos Fuentes
Mexico, novel
 
In Search of Klingsor
Jorge Volpi
Mexico, novel
2000
The Devil and Miss Prym
Paulo Coelho
Brazil, novel
 
The Feast of the Goat
Mario Vargas Llosa
Peru, novel
2002
City of the Beasts
Isabel Allende
Chile, novel
2004
2666
Roberto Bolaño
Chile, novel
 
Memories of My Melancholy Whores
Gabriel García Márquez
Colombia, novella
2006
Inés of My Soul
Isabel Allende
Chile, novel
2009
Signs Preceding the End of the World
Yuri Herrera
Mexico, novel
2014
A Brief History of Seven Killings
Marlon James
Jamaica, poetry collection
 
The Poetry of Derek Walcott
Derek Walcott
St. Lucia, poetry collection
2016
Tell Me How It Ends
Valeria Luisella
Mexico, novel

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