Stranger in a Strange Land, first edition
First edition

Stranger in a Strange Land

Novel, 1961
Restored 1990 version: approx. 220,000 words
Notable lines
First line

Once upon a time when the world was young there was a Martian named Smith.

Great lines

"One man's theology is another man's belly laugh."

"The reasonable man adapts himself to the world: the unreasonable one persists in trying to adapt the world to himself. Therefore all progress depends on the unreasonable man."

Last lines

He left, and Mike pushed back his halo and got to work. He could see a lot of changes he wanted to make—

Related commentaries
The author

If a fellow Golden Age of Science Fiction writer hadn't started his own religion, Robert A. Heinlein might have been a candidate to do so. He had the requisite imagination, an authoritarian.... more

Stranger in a Strange Land


What once was strange

Stranger in a Strange Land may be an old favourite of mine, and apparently of many other readers, but I'm wondering if it's time to drop it from the list of greatest novels.

It has certainly lost the cult status it once had as an official book of the counterculture, along with the The Little Prince and the works of Herman Hesse. Its ideas now seem dated and simplistic.

And it is certainly not as wildly popular now as when it moved from the counterculture into the mainstream in the late 1960s—though that peak of popularity may be impossible for any novel to maintain over four decades.

But what is most making me doubt the long-term value of Heinlein's most acclaimed work is that I recently read the longer version, the 1990 edition that restored most of the cuts he had made to get it published in 1961. This presumably is the novel as the author himself envisioned it. It has accordingly been praised as superior to the originally published version. But for me it points up every weakness in the work.

It's very long-winded for starters. This might not be a bad quality in itself, but here it certainly is. I can't recall another novel that is so composed of speeches. Not dialogue. Speeches. Speeches that could have been cut in half and would have lost little.

The worst offending character is Jubal Harshaw, a earth lawyer hired to protect a mystically powered but wide-eyed Martian, a Christ-figure come to earth. Harshaw is an obvious stand-in for the author and is constantly spouting aphorisms and pronouncing on the natures of society, people, religion, sex, politics, you name it. Some of this is pointedly clever in a cranky Mark Twain kind of way. But it gets tiring after a while.

And then there's the alien, Valentine Michael Smith, providing a New Age philosophy (everyone is God, live in the present, love is free) for the narrow-minded, uptight, over-regimented earthlings. One wonders now how one could ever have thought this stuff was profound.

There are some striking narrative moments in the novel and some good irreverent cosmic twists that would do Douglas Adams proud. But they're buried in the verbal poses, in the rambling doctrine Heinlein wants to disseminate.

Yet I still have affection for Stranger in a Strange Land. In part, admittedly, because it affected me at a certain time in my own life. But also because it's heartening to see a modern writer, even in the science fiction genre, directly addressing the big is a bold writer, unafraid to go where other writers, even in the imaginative field of speculative fiction, fear to tread. Although he's considered conservative politically—a libertarian no less—I doubt he would feel at home in an official conservative movement. And other right wingers would be equally uneasy having him in their midst. For he's a thorough iconoclast without social filters. Whatever insights he has, whatever interesting ideas strike him, are bound to come pouring out in his writing and proclamations, regardless of the comfort of those around him. As shown nowhere more so than in Stranger in a Strange Land.

No single party or sect in America could take all of this novel to heart. It's a challenge thrown down to all. Not necessarily well aimed or convincingly, but heartfelt. For this I still appreciate the novel—either version.

But this does not make it a great book. I predict Stranger in a Strange Land will continue to decline in our assessment, becoming an historic curiosity as its ideas recede in relevance.

But if our society takes a turn backwards to become narrow-minded, uptight and over-regimented once again, as it threatens to (some would say as it already has), Stranger in a Strange Land could regain a certain cachet among the newly rebellious. It could return to shake us up again.

We need this kind of book when we need it and when we don't we don't.

— Eric